Sunday, June 7, 2020

Euthanasia and Physician Assisted Suicide - Free Essay Example

Introduction Physician Assisted Suicide has been one of the most controversial subjects for years. Stemming all the way back to 1997, when the state of Oregon became the first state to legalize it. Physician Assisted Suicide is known as euthanasia and has raised many different questions throughout time. One of the biggest questions raised however is this; Is euthanasia ethically acceptable? Suicide in its self is considered wrong in ethical views, for one must honor the value of a human life. One must think about the terminally ill patients that are suffering though. Even if it might hurt other people, but it puts the patient at rest, is it ethically acceptable for a patient to receive physician assisted suicide? If one fully analyzes euthanasia using the ethical theory of utilitarianism, then one would conclude that John Mill would solve the dilemma by asking if this act would result in happiness free of pain. What is Euthanasia? Euthanasia is defined as the humane and painless killing of a patient that is suffering from a life ending and painful disease. Currently legal in only eight U.S. jurisdictions, it is a highly controversial topic. Euthanasia is only legal for the patient however. A physician may prescribe the lethal drugs, but there are no circumstances under which they are able to administer the drugs themselves. The steps to administer the medication are not sweet and simple though. There are various parameters that a patient must meet before a doctor is allowed to prescribe the life ending medication. The first rule that must be met is that the patient must be an adult. Two independent physicians must then verify the patientrs terminal diagnosis. Both of them must be fully convinced that the patient has no hope of getting any better. A written request must then be signed by the patient in front of two witnesses. This request attests that the patient is in a healthy mental state and that they are d oing this voluntarily. If there is any question about the mental state of the patient, then the physician may require the patient to be counseled. Once all of these parameters have been met, then the physician will prescribe the drug. As stated above, the physician in no case is allowed to administer the drug, but he/she prescribes it and the patient picks it up from the pharmacy. None of 1the laws on physician assisted suicide state which drug the doctor prescribes, but according to the article FAQs Physician-Hastened Death, most doctors prescribe an oral dosage of a barbiturate (FAQS-Physician-Hastened Death, par 14). Barbiturates are a drug that are used as depressants of the central nervous system (Barbiturates Drug Profile, par. 3). The brain controls the central nervous system, it tells the lungs to breath and tells the heart to beat. When it is suppressed a little it can be beneficial by lowering anxiety and making a person more relaxed. If it is suppressed too far, which is what happens with barbiturate, the whole system begins to shut down. The patient soon becomes unconscious and shortly after the heart stops beating and the lungs stop breathing, resulting in death. The Dilemma As stated by Michael Cholbi, Suicide is wrong because it violates our moral duty to honor the value of a human life (Cholbi, par. 25). Viewing life in the terms of Utilitarianism, John Stuart Mill was one of the most influential philosophers of the 19th century. Millrs core belief is that a person should try to reach happiness. He defines happiness as this, a person should do what brings them pleasure without any pain. By this he means that a person should do what pleases them without bringing pain to others. In the view of assisted suicide this view can be a little two-sided. When a terminally ill person wishes to end their life, on their terms and in the place they wish to be, it could bring happiness and a sense of satisfaction to them, However, the people around them, friends and family, might be affected. Many of them may wish to keep their dying loved one in their life for as long as possible. Many patients that are terminally ill however discuss assisted suicide with their lo ved ones before they make the decision. The people closest to them would know from personal experience how much pain that they are in, they would know how much suffering they go through every day. Death isnt something anyone can post-pone. Everyday people die, suddenly and unexpected, and then there are the cases where it is slow and painfully expected. However, can it ever be considered morally correct to end a human life? Now the question every person has to ask themselves is this; if it was known that death was ahead, and there was nothing more the doctors could do to save this life, with immense amounts of pain, would suffering with no more energy and hope left to fight be worth it? Each person will have their own independent views on the morality of physician assisted suicide, but how would it be viewed in utilitarianism? Utilitarianism Utilitarianism is the ethical theory that determines whether an action is right or wrong solely on the consequences of the actions. It does not simply focus on one personrs interests, but instead it looks at how an action might affect the people around them, close friends and family. So if an action is going to hurt the people that are closest to that person then the action would be considered morally wrong, however, if the action had no affect on others or it had a positive affect on others then it would be considered morally correct. In the terms of physician assisted suicide, it could go either way on whether it is right or wrong considering the conditions of the situation. Many factors could make physician assisted suicide, in the views of utilitarianism, morally correct. If a patient was all alone for instance, no family or friends, no one that could be hurt by their death, then it would be considered morally ok. By the patient taking the drug and ending their life, with no one there that could be affected or hurt, there are no reasons that it would be wrong. Sure, there is the part of suicide is wrong because a person isnt valuing a human life, but if the human life is deteriorating and coming to an end as is, then where is the problem? Another way that assisted suicide could be considered morally ok is if the patient actually sits down and talks with their family and friends. So many people are terminally ill and suffering day to day waiting for the end to come. This isnt a life anyone would want to live, and when considering it, its not a life you would want a loved one suffering through. If the patient were to discuss their wish with their loved ones and give them time to prepare and understand then it could be considered ok. Death is going to hurt people no matter what, it hurts when someone that youre so close with is no longer in your life. It also hurts seeing someone youre so close with suffer day in and day out. If the patient and the loved ones were to agree that it was best for physician assisted suicide to occur, then there wouldnt be a moral problem in the view of utilitarianism. Physician Assisted Suicide can be considered morally wrong in the views of utilitarianism as well. Its one of those if/then situations. If the patient were to go about physician assisted suicide without the family or friendrs knowledge, thatrs where a morality problem would come in. A patient that legally ends their own life, with only the knowledge of the doctors, while leaving the loved ones completely in the dark, would have performed a morally unjust act. The family and friends would be even more hurt with this type of death than with a natural death. As said before death hurts no matter what, but with the chance to say goodbye and make peace it wouldnt be as bad. In the above case where the patient talked with the family the situation was different. The family and friends were given time to prepare, they agreed to losing the patient earlier than expected, but they knew, and they were ready. In a case where friends and family didnt know until after the fact, so much more pain and suffering would be experienced. Taking it upon their self to end their life, without giving the people that would be affect most a chance to prepare, and hurting them so much more, would make physician assisted suicide extremely wrong in the views of morality and utilitarianism. A sense of happiness may have occurred for the patient, but so much more pain would have been experience by those closest to them. Conclusion Every life is considered to be sacred, a value that one should hold above all others. Everyday people die, and everyday people are born, but everyday there are also people that suffer from a terminal illness. Getting access to physician assisted suicide is no easy act, and not just any person can do it. A life is always sacred and should always be valued, but the purpose and happiness in that life should also be taken into consideration. Utilitarianism is an if/then theory when it comes to moral values. If the action results in happiness free of pain it is morally correct, if it results in happiness but pain to others it is morally wrong. In the case of assisted suicide, it is a complex subject with so many different variables that can affect the moral value of the act. Every decision one makes and the results which occur decide whether this act is morally ok in Utilitarianism.

Sunday, May 17, 2020

Meditation, Interpersonal Communication Everyday Encounters

I did not know the meaning of mindfulness before I took this course in interpersonal communication. I was not aware that such a term or practice existed. I was completely fascinated by the concept of being mindful when I read about it in Wood’s book, Interpersonal Communication: Everyday Encounters. Mindfulness is a concept from Zen Buddhism, and it means to be fully present in the current moment. Mindfulness does not only enrich a person’s mental and physical health, it can also extend to benefiting and strengthening relationships with others. Being mindful is reliant upon the individual – it is a choice one makes; it’s a way of being. â€Å"Our mind can be filled with many different emotions and thoughts that pass through it moment by moment, but none of them affect the quality of this â€Å"right now and only now† awareness that remains changeless and pure. Many clouds pass across the sky but the sky itself remains constant.† (Chode n, 2014, p. 136) Any and everyone can be mindful if they decide to commit to it. Some may consider the idea of practicing mindfulness an easy task; however, find difficulty in exhibiting being present in the moment due to the many environmental and internal distractions. One may ask what the win-win effects are of being mindful in everyday communication. The effects are positively numerous, ranging from helping couples cope with relationship stress, creating calmness in heightened disagreements, improving relationship happiness andShow MoreRelatedMy Name Is Dr. Dan Siegel2477 Words   |  10 Pagesattending I specialized in pediatrics, child, adolescent, teen, and adult psychiatry. I currently reside in southern California with my family and am a clinical psychiatry professor at UCLA School of Medicine. I pioneered a new field known as interpersonal neurobiology. Within this field I delve into different aspects of science, such as biology, physics, linguistics, and psychology to understand what is needed to maximize a healthy mind. Through this work I have go ne on to define mental health andRead MoreStress Management3995 Words   |  16 Pagesenvironment. Ultimately employees take work home and worry about missing deadlines or performing inadequately and end up working longer hours. Stress can be caused by many things in life, pressures from work, the family, social commitments and other everyday events. The word stress is derived from the Latin term Stringers which means to draw tight. Some define stress as the non-specific response of the body to any demands made on it. Stress is our physical, mental, and emotional response to theRead MorePerceived Stress Levels and Stress Management Among Paramedical Students Lyceum of the Philippines University: Towards Stress Management Enhancement15005 Words   |  61 Pagesimplicated as stressors for paramedical students, more research is needed to investigate the nature of these stressors for paramedical students, and which stressors are most prevalent in their lives. It is unclear whether most stressors result from interpersonal relationships or academics. In addition, this research is needed to clarify whether these stressors are mostly daily hassles or major live events. The purpose of this study was to determine w hat sources of stress are the most prevalent among paramedicalRead MoreCustomer Service Excellence4474 Words   |  18 Pagesconfiguration, order processing, handling, post-sale communication and special services. The primary objective of customer service is to increase customer satisfaction, operational efficiency and customer loyalty. Customer Vs. Consumer: A customer is the person who makes the buying decision. He is involved in the final transaction with the service provider or the intermediary in the last chain of service distribution, experiencing the encounter. A consumer is the one who utilizes the service offeredRead MoreEssay Wgu C351 Task 14625 Words   |  19 Pagesare excitable, trust their impulses and want to make a splash (Kiersey Temperment Study, n.d.). Because of the polar oppositeness in these two personalities, they are probably the most difficult group of people a guardian such as myself would encounter while working. In almost every work setting, the odds are pretty substantial that you will be working with someone of an opposite temperament. 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A. What is human resource management? As we said that HRM is the management of people working in an organization, it is a subject related to human. For simplicity, we can say that it is the managementRead MoreChange Management49917 Words   |  200 Pagessupermarket chain in general retail, or is it a provider of financial services? Is the television merely a receiving device for broadcast 4 MBA –H4010 Organisational Development And Change messages or is it part of an integrated multi-media communications package? Is the airline a provider of transport or the seller of wines, spirits and fancy goods, or the agent for car hire and accommodation? As industries and products converge, along with the markets they serve, there is a growing realizationRead MoreStephen P. Robbins Timothy A. Judge (2011) Organizational Behaviour 15th Edition New Jersey: Prentice Hall393164 Words   |  1573 PagesPersonality and Values 131 Perception and Individual Decision Making 165 Motivation Concepts 201 Motivation: From Concepts to Applications 239 3 The Group 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Foundations of Group Behavior 271 Understanding Work Teams 307 Communication 335 Leadership 367 Power and Politics 411 Conflict and Negotiation 445 Foundations of Organization Structure 479 v vi BRIEF CONTENTS 4 The Organization System 16 Organizational Culture 511 17 Human Resource Policies and PracticesRead More333 Helpful Interview Questions25702 Words   |  103 PagesCareer Ambitions†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦... †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦... Page 11 Ability to Learn†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦.. †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦... Page 13 Dependability†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦. Page 14 Flexibility†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦........................... Page 16 Organization/Attention to Detail/Time Usage†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦.. Page 17 Interpersonal Communication Skills†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦. Page 20 Conflict†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦.. Page 22 Cooperation†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢ € ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦ Page 23 Interviewing Questions for Management and Supervisory Positions Decision Making†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦ Page 25 Administration†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦... Page 27 Writing

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

How Can Math Facts Help Solve Real World Word Problems Essay

Teacher: Loupe Title: I Can Add Doubles! Subject: Math Grade Level: 1st Grade Date: October 5th, 2016 Standard: 1.0A.6 Add and subtract within 20, demonstrating fluency for addition and subtraction within 10.Use strategies such as counting on; making ten (e.g., 8+6=8+2+4=14); decomposing a number leading to a ten (e.g.13-4=13-3-1=10-1=9): using the relationship between addition and subtraction (e.g., knowing that 8+4=12, one knows 12-8=4); and creating equivalent but easier or known sums (e.g., adding 6+7 by creating the known equivalent 6+6+1=12+1=13) DOK 1,2 Objectives: Using manipulative materials the students will build an understanding of doubles and apply the addition strategy to solving real-world word problems. Essential Questions: †¢ How can math facts help me solve problems? †¢ Which strategy will help me solve the problems the best? HOT Questions: †¢ What can you think when you look at the hands of 2 children? †¢ What do you know about doubles? †¢ How can doubles help us solve addition problems? †¢ Is 6+4 a double? †¢ What is double ten? Past, Present, and Future: Past: The students have learned different ways of adding. Present: The students will learn how to add doubles. Future: The students will use the strategy of adding doubles to add near doubles. Materials Resources (include technology): †¢ Double the Ducks by Stuart J. Murphy †¢ Part-Part-Whole Mats †¢ Counters †¢ Dry Erase Markers †¢ Dry Erase Board Erasers †¢ Counting Cubes †¢ Construction Paper †¢ Crayons †¢Show MoreRelatedThe Main Reason Knowledge Is Produced Is Solve Problems1204 Words   |  5 Pagesproduced is to solve problems.† When going about answering this question, we must first understand three things. What is knowledge, and what does it mean to solve a problem. 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However, students are not learning new concepts, just a new way of thinking about those concepts. In this unit, you will explore some effective instructional strategies and approaches to teaching students, way to get them to think mathematically, how to bridge the gap between concrete and abstract and incorporate technology to allow for more instructional time in the classroom

Consumer Behaviour Major Factor in Marketing

Question: Describe about the Consumer Behaviour for Major Factor in Marketing. Answer: Introduction Consumer behavior is the major factor in marketing of products as well as a business. It is defined as a study of customers acceptance or rejection towards a certain product. It is a research of their all the methods of choosing, buying, utilizing and disposing of the products, conducted on individuals, groups and on organizations (Hoyer MacInnis, 2010). Their satisfaction and need for the product, its effect on the individual and on society as a whole can be learnt from it. their suggestions can be applied to develop the product or service. Thus , a brand becomes known to the mass. The report above will be carried out in order to understand the factors that directly affects the acceptance of brand amongst the consumers. The suitable theories and models will be taken in by the researcher to explain and understand how a brand gets accepted by the buyers (Weilbacher, 1993). There exist some factors which influence consumers behavior directly, which are- communal factor, financial factor, cultural factor, physiological factor and personal factor. These factors bring up the question that a buyer may think before deciding on buying a product and then selecting the same brand for a long term. Since, the customers are the spine of marketing, such factors have to be noticed to learn their needs (Graybeal, 1942). The factors that drive acceptance of a brand across an entire segment. Brand acceptance is something that decides the future of a specific brand as well as the manufacturing organization. It is directly related to customers loyalty. Their loyalty has to be won to develop the brand through marketing and delivering. Buyers notice every well-known or widely famous brands very easily, therefore the new ones have to make their place in the market very skillfully. Some customers gets attracted to a certain brand due to some emotional reasons, though rational reasoning is more common in customers while deciding. Advertising takes a major part in this. If the company can advertise their products, and deliver as promised, it is much likely that customers will be satisfied with it. besides, the faces that are used for advertisement such as celebrities and personalities, it also catches their attention towards the brand. The people also follow the icons, or leaders of those brands as their voices can be persuasive. The leaders ay use their personality features to get through the mass and understand what and how they want it (Li, Jervis, Drake, 2015). peer influence is also a huge deal in the purchasing decision and it has increased a lot in the past few years. As the media grows, the peer pressure on people about brands become more effective. Also, personal relations and fellow workers can talk someone into buying a product or opting for a brand. Economical or financial factors have an extreme role in cosumers decisions. As long as a brand is reachable for the bigger proportion of the population in a specific location, it will get recognized and attract more customers in the near future. The prices of products and services have to be reasonable so that the people with medium wages can also buy them and use them as well as the upper class families. The values can be in a wide range along with different qulaiites so that every class can be satisfied. the main and the most important role in this is of ones personal expience with it. no other f actor will effect on buying decision that their own experience with the brand after purchasing it (Li, Jervis, Drake, 2015). Rogers model as explanation of brand acceptance: Rogers model which is actually named the diffusion of innovation model was published by Everett Rogers in 1962. Rogers argument is that diffusion is the methodology by which a headway is granted after some time among the individuals in a social system (Rogers Shoemaker, 1971). The origins of the scattering of advancements speculation are moved and cross various controls. Rogers proposes that four essential segments affect the spread of another idea: the progression itself, correspondence channels, time, and a social system. The classes of adopters are innovators, early adopters, early majority, late majority and laggards. The model was explained to understand and notify the organsiation with how brand acceptance works (Rossiter, 1993). Other perspective that differs from the rogers model There are numerous theories, assumptions and concepts on several features of marketing. Most of them do not correlate, rather clash. One such model which is different from the rogers diffusion model is the Ansoffs Matrix model of marketing. Igor Ansoff, known as the father of key organization, was a mathematician and business boss. In the 1950s his work was made and finally scattered giving manager and the propelling scene with a key, down to earth instrument that is being used 50 years at some point later. Fundamentally the Ansoff thing/showcase system is an instrument that helps associations pick their thing and market advancement approach.Ansoff's thing/publicize structure suggests that a business' tries to create depend on upon whether it showcases new or existing things in new or existing markets. The standard four box structure or system Ansoff illustrate This strategy encourages digital marketing as the technologies are growing up and moving forward so fast, more companies are adapting this as a first choice. This theory reflects that in marketing reaching is a huge deal for public before they opt for a brand. Therefore, it has different perspective that the previous model. There are some limitations in the rogers diffusion of innovation model. In the first place, the model does not incorporate the covering impacts of the diverse settings what's more, spaces in which all new innovation works. In the convention of Innovation research this is helpful as it gives a successive framework to the thought of key decisions, yet Sociologists may discover such clarifications excessively oversimplified without dialog of the framework all in all. Second, a significant part of the work on which we based the model is drawn from NPD and Marketing hypothesis. Both fields are overwhelmed by the presumption that clients embrace new innovation to expand their utility. So in the present era, as the organization has adopted new advancements in the work area, this model may not work in all the situations. Though, this model is well-explained and widely used in brand acceptance and public relations, but it cannot be applied for all products or services. The ways in which a comprehension of the diffusion concept is of value to marketing practice. The diffusion of innovation model: This model helps a business to see how a purchaser receives and draws in with new items or advancements after some time. Organizations will use it while releasing new items or services in the market, modifying it or bringing a present thing into another business segment. It indicates how the item can be received by five unique classes/client sorts and how to draw in as a business with these sorts of individuals: Source: Clearly, the ascent of new released technologies and publicizing methodology suggests that the spread of improvement model is particularly applicable to automated sponsors. Researcher Gartner have a long standing report displaying the times of social event of new advancements that is valuable for front line strategists to take after (Rogers, 2003). In case an association is pushing another tech thing, for instance, programming, they can use this model which will help with recognizing the advancing materials required for each social affair. The Adoption theory is most significant when looking thing dispatches, be that as it may it can be useful when taking existing things or organizations into another business segment. Therefore, this model is very useful in marketing practices (Boehner Gold, 2015). The specific components of the marketing process might be influenced by the diffusion concept Four essential component that effect the spread of another contemplation are the improvement, correspondence channels, time, and the social system. Diffusion of innovation theory shows itself in different courses in various social orders and fields and is astoundingly subjective to the kind of adopters and improvement decision methodology. Publicists are particularly enthusiastic about the diffusion method as it chooses the accomplishment and rejection of any new goods introduced in the business sectors. According to Rogers, an innovation is a thought, practice, or dissent that is seen as new by an individual or other unit of apportionment. Rogers created that the progression decision period is the time traverse required to experience the improvement decision technique. The rate of gathering is the relative pace with which a progression is grasped by people from a social framework. Communication mediums are the strategies by which messages get beginning with one individual then onto the following. According to Rogers, a social structure is a course of action of interrelated units that are involved with joint basic deduction to accomplish a mutual goal. Justification for key contentions The above report contains reasoning, factors and model that are related to consumers behavior and their acceptance of new products and services. All these data are taken into account in order to explain the subject thoroughly in details and with key points. The management of companies can learn the matter with this report and implement changes and modifications with their items so that the brads will get widely accepted. The model and the other theories and concepts used by the researcher in this report are justified as they all have effects on consumer behavior as well as customers loyalty and acceptance. References Boehner, R. Gold, S. (2015) The Influence of the Marketing Mix on the Diffusion of Innovation: Bass Model Redux. SSRN Electronic Journal. Graybeal, T. (1942). Factors which influence the behavior of directional relays. Electr. Eng., 61(12), 942-952. Hoyer, W. MacInnis, D. (2010). Consumer behavior. Australia: South-Western Cengage Learning. Li, X., Jervis, S., Drake, M. (2015). Examining Extrinsic Factors that Influence Product Acceptance: A Review. Journal Of Food Science, 80(5), R901-R909. Rogers, E. (2003). Diffusion of innovations. New York: Free Press. Rogers, E. Shoemaker, F. (1971). Communication of innovations. New York: Free Press. Rossiter, J. (1993). Brand awareness and acceptance: A seven-set classification for managers. J Brand Manag, 1(1), 33-40. Weilbacher, w. (1993). Brand marketing. Lincolnwood, Ill.: NTC Business Books.

Monday, April 20, 2020

Sports And Drugs Essays (369 words) - Drug Control Law,

Sports And Drugs "The Sports World Should be Drug Free" This article was derived on the question: Why the sports world should be drug free? Barry McCaffrey's answer to this question is based on a simple assumption that drug usage in sports has a direct impact on children which will ultimately lead to downfall of sports. The essay takes on the belief that all or most kids look up to athletes. And if these athletes do drugs then kids will do drugs. It is directed to the athletes themselves, coaches, and the parents of all children. McCaffrey states that after the death of athlete Len Bias, youth cocaine use suddenly dropped (page 1). It seems that this is a safe assumption because after a death of a famous athlete, people as well as children learn the disastrous effect of drug use. He also believes that when athletes use drugs and are rewarded for their athleticism kids get the misimpression that drugs are not dangerous to their well being, dreams and aspirations (page 1). This essay is compelling and also logical. We as a culture know that children look up to all athletes. They are pictured on cereal boxes, sneaker ads, cartoons, etc.... The author makes the natural assumption that if these athletes use drugs that kids will get the picture that it is alright for them to use them as well. His argument is very convincing especially for a parent. He gives evidence that professional organizations are know getting involved to take a stand against drug usage. McCaffrey states, " Eighteen Major League Baseball teams are showing anti-drug public service announcements in their stadiums at home games. Major league soccer is sending strong anti-drug messages to its young fans. On October 23rd , as part of the Office of Drug Policy's athletic initiative, the first ever "National Coachathon Against Drugs" will see coaches across the nation?from pee wee to the big leagues?starting practices with messages against drugs" (page 2). The only thing about McCaffrey's argument is that he didn't consider the other side's point of view. He must of thought they did not have a relevant case to even consider their view. He did a good job researching and making a firm strong point. Bibliography McCaffrey, Barry R. "The Sports World Should Be Drug Free" St. Petersburg Times. September 9, 1998. p. 12A

Sunday, March 15, 2020

Interview with a Dancer - Listening Comprehension

Interview with a Dancer - Listening Comprehension You will hear a man interviewing a famous ballet dancer. Write down the answers to the questions he asks. You will hear the listening twice for the gist. After you have finished, look below for the answers.   Click on this ballet dancer listening quiz to begin.   How long did she live in Hungary?Where was she born?Why wasnt she born in a hospital?What kind of day was her birthday?Was she born in 1930?Did her parents leave Hungary with her?What did her father do?What did her mother do?Why did her mother travel a lot?When did she begin to dance?Where did she study dance?Where did she go after Budapest?Why did she leave her first husband?Which country was her second husband from?How many husbands has she had? Instructions: You will hear a man interviewing a famous dancer. Write down the answers to the questions he asks. You will hear the listening twice. After you have finished, click on the arrow to see if you have answered correctly. (changed to answers below) Transcript:   Interviewer: Well, thank you very much for agreeing to come to this interview.Dancer: Oh, its my pleasure.   Interviewer: Well, its a pleasure for me as well. Right, well there are lots of questions Id like to ask you, but first of all, can you tell me something about your early life? I believe you are from Eastern Europe, arent you?Dancer: Yes, thats right. I ... I was born in Hungary, and I lived there for all of my childhood. In fact, I lived in Hungary for twenty-two years.   Interviewer: I believe theres a rather strange story that Ive heard about your birth.Dancer: Yes, in fact I was born on a boat because ... because my mother needed to go to the hospital, and we lived on a lake. And so she was on the boat going to the hospital, but she was too late.   Interviewer: Oh, so when your mother went to hospital she went by boat.Dancer: Yes. Thats right.   Interviewer: Oh, and you arrived?Dancer: Yes, on a beautiful spring day in fact. It was the twenty-first of April that I arrived in. Well, around 1930 I can tell you, but I wont be more specific than that.   Interviewer: And, uh, your family? Your parents?Dancer: Yes, well my mother and father remained in Hungary. They didnt come away with me, and my father was a history professor at the university.  He wasnt very famous. But, on the other hand, my mother was quite famous. She was a pianist. Interviewer: Oh.Dancer: She played lots of concerts in Hungary. She travelled around a lot.   Interviewer: So music was ... because your mother was a pianist, music was very important for you.Dancer: Yes, in fact.   Interviewer: From very early.Dancer: Yes, I danced when my mother played the piano.   Interviewer: Yes.Dancer: Right.   Interviewer: And did you, when did you really realize that you wanted to dance? Was it at school?Dancer: Well, I was very, very young. I did all of my school studies in Budapest. And I studied dancing there in Budapest with my family. And then I came to America. And I got married when I was very, very young. I had an American husband. And he died very young, and then I married another man who was from Canada. And then my third husband was French.   Quiz Answers She lived in Hungary for twenty-two years.She was born on a boat on a lake in Hungary.They lived on a lake and her mother was late to the hospital.She was born on a spring day.She was born around 1930, but the date is not exact.Her parents did not leave Hungary with her.Her father was a professor at university.Her mother was a pianist.Her mother travelled to play in concerts.She began to dance very young when her mother played the piano.She studied dance in Budapest.She went to America after Budapest.She left her husband because he died.Her second husband was from Canada.She has had three husbands.

Friday, February 28, 2020

Copyright Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words - 1

Copyright - Essay Example This system allows the potential sharing of copyrighted materials, which can give rise to copyright infringement. Copyright infringement, under the US laws, is the copying or substantial reproduction of materials that are protected by the copyright law (Miller & Jentz 2007 155). A group of music companies led by A&M Records, Inc. brought an action against Napster for copyright violation, with preliminary injunction, in the District Court for the Northern District of California. In 2000, Judge Marilyn Patel accordingly issued a preliminary injunction against Napster enjoining the latter from â€Å"engaging in or facilitating others in copying, downloading, uploading, transmitting or distributing plaintiff’s copyrighted† (A&M Records, Inc. v Napster, Inc. 2000 114 F Supp. 2d 896) materials. The order was appealed by Napster to the Ninth Circuit, which however, sustained the order but remanding it to the lower court for refinement noting that it was too broad. In reaching its decision, the Ninth Circuit had to decide on the merits of the arguments of the defendants, in defense of itself and its users. The arguments of defendant Napster centered on the implied immunity granted under the Audio Home Recording Act of 1992 (AHRA) and the exception provided under the fair use doctrine.